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Wave of Hydro Investment in Pipeline for Scotland

From British Hydropower Association Press release
Over £5m paid to independent schemes in last year
TENS of millions of pounds of investment in smaller-scale hydropower projects in Scotland could be unlocked by the outcome of a review of a green energy support scheme, industry leaders have predicted.
A significant number of potential schemes are on hold by landowners and investors while the UK Government considers changes to rates paid under the Feed-in Tariff (FiT) support scheme.
The British Hydropower Association believes investment of as much as £100m in Scotland is being held back by the uncertainty over the FiT scheme which provides guaranteed financial returns from investment in renewable energy projects. An announcement on the outcome of the review of the FiT scheme is expected shortly.
New figures released today (June x) have highlighted the contribution already being made by smaller-scale hydro to the Scottish economy.
SmartestEnergy, the UK’s leading purchaser of electricity from independent generators, estimated that some £5.1 million has been paid to hydro projects in Scotland under the Feed-in Tariff scheme over the past year.
“SmartestEnergy alone paid out more than £2.8m in Scotland which highlights the potential of the technology to provide a valuable income stream from a natural resource,” said Iain Robertson, the Glasgow-based Deputy Head of Generation for SmartestEnergy.
“In many cases the returns being generated are used to support employment – often in remote rural areas - and contribute to the upkeep of land and property.”
David Williams, Chief Executive of the British Hydro Association, said the latest figures underlined the importance of the outcome of the FiT review to provide long term confidence for investors.
“These figures demonstrate the contribution small-scale hydro is already making to landowners, businesses and communities in Scotland which is home to an estimated 90% of the UK’s hydro resource.
“We believe that if the uncertainty over future FiT rates was removed that would unlock a significant amount of fresh investment in hydro. Many potential schemes have been in limbo for more than 18 months as lenders won’t give them the financial backing they need until things are clearer.”
SmartestEnergy’s hydro customers in Scotland include the Conaglen estate near Ardgour in the Highlands where owners Broadland Properties have built and commissioned three run-of-river schemes.
The schemes, ranging from 250KW to 1MW, provide around 40% of the power needs of the 40,000 acre West Coast estate with the remaining electricity exported to the grid.
As well as reducing energy bills, the revenue generated is providing a valuable income stream to support the estate’s operation and its 25-strong staff.
In total during 2011/12, SmartestEnergy paid out more than £17.8m across the UK under the FiT scheme across wind, solar, hydro and anaerobic digestion projects. 

  • Estimates for the total figure paid to hydro schemes in Scotland under FiTs is based on SmartestEnergy market data and Ofgem FiT statistics.
  • Today hydropower contributes 1.5GW to the UK’s electricity supply capacity (4.3GW with pumped storage). This could be doubled if remaining viable potential resource is developed.
  • To meet DECC estimation of hydropower targets for the 2020 Renewable Energy plan, output from hydropower has to increase to 6360GWh. It is expected that all this is to come from plants having a capacity of less than 20MW. Hence, growth in this sector has to increase 73% over 2010 figures.
  • Taking account of the load factor, a 1MW hydro plant produces 1.5 times as much energy as that provided by a 1MW wind turbine.
  • Hydro storage is the most economic and efficient way of storing energy, helping to balance the intermittency of other renewables and providing security of supply and frequency regulation.
  • Hydropower provides 17% of the world’s electricity. It is the largest producer of global renewable and sustainable energy.

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